What is Sore Throat:
A sore throat refers to pain, itchiness, or irritation of the throat. You may have difficulty swallowing food and liquids, and the pain may get worse when you try to swallow. Throat pain is the primary symptom of a sore throat. However, other symptoms may include a dry throat, swollen glands in the neck, white patches on the tonsils, and hoarseness.
A sore throat can affect people of all ages however, the risk of a sore throat is higher in some people. This includes children, smokers, allergy sufferers, and people with a compromised immune system. Sharing a close space with others also increases the risk of upper respiratory infections that can present initially as a sore throat. The disease is most commonly seen in children and young people but it can occur at any age. The characteristics of the symptom are throat pain and trouble swallowing. If the sore throat is due to bacterial infection it can be treated with antibiotics. Usually there are no complications.
Causes of Sore Throat:
Most sore throats are caused by viruses that cause the common cold and flu (influenza). Less often, sore throats are due to bacterial infections.
Viral illnesses that cause a sore throat include:
* Common cold
* Flu (influenza)
* Mononucleosis (mono)
* Croup a common childhood illness characterized by a harsh, barking cough.
Symptoms of Sore Throat:
* Inflamed tonsils
* Tender and swollen neck glands
* Pain in the back of the throat
* Tenderness in the back of the throat
* Pain or discomfort when swallowing
* Fever (definitely an infection)
* Bodily aches (probably an infection)
* Headache (probably an infection)
* Tiredness (probably an infection, possibly other reasons)
Sore Throat Remedies:
1. Gargle at least once each hour with 1 tsp (5 g) of salt dissolved in 8 fl oz (240 mL) of warm water.
2. Steep 1 teaspoon dried chamomile in 1 cup of hot water. Strain. Let it cool to lukewarm and gargle as needed.
3. Add a spoonful of bourbon or whiskey to a large glass of warm water and gargle can help numb a sore throat.
4. Mix ¼ cup of apple cider vinegar and ¼ cup of honey. Take one tablespoon every four hours or as needed for pain relief.
5. Boil a pint of water and add ½ teaspoon of powdered goldenseal root. Drink hot. Goldenseal is well known for its antibiotic properties.
6. Add the juice of one lemon and one teaspoon of salt to one cup of warm water. Gargle three times a day for one minute.
7. Boil some pomegranate rinds and drink as a tea. The pomegranate contains astringents.
8. Sucking on a hard candy will stimulate saliva production, which will help moisten your dry, irritated throat.
9. Mix 1 tsp. lime juice and 1 Tbls. honey. Swallow tiny amounts slowly 2-3 times a day.
10. Drink marjoram tea with a little lemon and honey to relieve throat pain and reduce coughing.